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Welsh History Review

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Vol. 9, nos. 1-4 1978-79

The Wynns of Gwydir and Parliamentary elections in Wales, 1604-40

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men like Ellis Lloyd and John Salusbury. Similar agreement between
the gentry explained Anglesey's 1624 election of John Mostyn. Such
electioneering, as Caernarvonshire's contests indicated, reflected the
network of alliances, forged through marriage and friendship,
which linked the county community together and were an
indispensable part of successful election management.
Such successes, whether for the borough or outside Caernarvon-
shire, should not obscure the fact that the Wynns' county electoral
influence, the mark of local supremacy, had been overturned in
1621 and their defeat made it impossible for the Wynns to recover
their electoral dominance. In Anglesey and Merioneth, the consent
and unity of the county community led to victory; so, too, in
Caernarvonshire in 1604 and 1614. But when that consensus
shattered, as it did in 1621, the Wynns' influence was at an end.
Ambition and pride had combined to build the Wynn dominion;
the same factors saw to its destruction. The 'political' issues that
surfaced elsewhere in elections, and especially in those of 1640,
never made a significant impact on Caernarvonshire's elections. Its
struggle remained, throughout the early Stuart years, essentially a
local one, the struggle for political and social dominion in that
county.
J. K. GRUENFELDER
University of Wyoming,
Laramie, Wyoming
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