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Finally, specific mention must be made of the excellent paper by Philip Rawkins
(of the Ryerson Polytechnic Institute, Toronto, Canada), in which he shows that
during the 1970s public policies for the safe-guarding of Welsh had to be wrung from
reluctant local government by demands and constant pressure-especially in the field
of education-whilst simultaneously the general attitude of the central government (in
the guise of the Welsh Office) was one of 'benign neglect'. To sharpen the focus,
Rawkins settles on two case-studies which reveal the differing contexts that led
eventually to the setting up of Welsh-medium schools in Mid- and South Glamorgan.
Nowhere else can we read a scholarly interpretation of the events that have led to the
eventual establishment of the flourishing Welsh-medium schools in these two
counties.
The Sociology of Welsh provides us with a number of key insights into the
contemporary history of the Welsh language and culture. These writings deserve a
much wider readership than perhaps they will receive in their present format.
Publishers in Wales, are you listening?
W. T. R. PRYCE
The Open University in Wales,
Cardiff
TUDOR WALES. Edited by Trevor Herbert and Gareth Elwyn Jones. University of
Wales Press, Cardiff, 1988. Pp. xxvi, 177. 14 illustrations, 13 maps and diagrams.
 7.95, WALES, 1880-1914. Edited by Trevor Herbert and Gareth Elwyn Jones.
University of Wales Press, Cardiff, 1988. Pp. xxiv 193. 29 illustrations, 5 maps
and diagrams.  7.95.
These volumes are the first to appear in a series which aims at providing specialist
introductions on set themes and periods in Welsh history, employing illustrative
extracts of historical testimony and out of which questions and points of discussion
are raised. In short, they aim to inform and to illuminate the techniques of writing
history.
The volumes offer some contrasts in approach and content. Tudor Wales deals
almost exclusively with primary material and includes a discussion as to what defines
such a source. Wales, 1880-1914 makes free with secondary material too, with the
interpretations of recent and current historians in its extracts, and thus is relatively
and probably beneficially more historiographical. However, Wales, 1880-1914 is
rather biased towards the history of south Wales even if, admittedly, the industrial
communities there were then at their apogee, whereas Tudor Wales tries to be more
broad spread and even-handed. A certain unity of thought and approach reveals itself
in the Tudor volume, dictated partly by the use of common sources but also by a
generally analytical approach, whereas the other volume betrays more speculative
tendencies and also reveals the broader gamut of types of evidence available to the
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