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Welsh History Review


Vol. 18, nos. 1-4 1996-97

Transatlantic Brethren. Rev. Samuel Jones (1734-1814) and his friends. Book review.

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its capacity for bickering and brawling does the exiled establishment
conform to the stereotype presented by former historians. Nathalie Genet-
Rouffiac goes on to analyse the community of exiles in France up to 1715,
presenting the curious portrait of one which was 60 per cent Irish, 35 per
cent English and only 5 per cent Scottish, but led by a court which was
largely English in complexion, with Scots playing a leading role. Almost
half the community consisted of aristocrats, and almost half was female,
illustrating that the Jacobite exile was 'a familial one'. The cumulative
import of these three writers is to demonstrate that the impact of the
Jacobite refugees upon France was considerably greater than that of the
Huguenot refugees upon England.
After that the essays diverge rapidly in their focus, and a selection must
suffice to illustrate the range. Roger Schmidt reveals that 'Whig history'
literally did begin with Whig writers in the reign of Anne, and unveils the
Jacobite Roger North as the first representative of an alternative, more
reflective and empirical, tradition. Murray Pittock reminds us that the
reason for both the scarcity and importance of Scots in France was that so
many Scottish Jacobites stayed at home, and sketches in the context of the
'Highland myth' of Jacobitism. Paul Monod emphasizes once again that
the so-called abolition of censorship in 1695 consisted simply of the
elimination of the Stationers' Company from the process: a shift from
trying to halt authors and printers before publication to punishing them
after it. One part of the traditional picture which is only reinforced
throughout the whole collection is the consistent folly and incompetence of
the exiled James II; it seems that no reappraisal of his cause can do much
to rescue the reputation of the man at the heart of it.
FRIENDS. By Hywel M. Davies. Lehigh University Press, Bethlehem, USA:
Associated Universities Presses, London, 1995. Pp. 361. £ 38.00.
Dr Hywel Davies has already given indications of his capacity as an
historian of real ability in a-number of articles published in recent years. He
has now moved on to publish his first book on the subject of links between
Baptists in North America and their fellow-believers in Britain. It makes a
substantial and valuable contribution to the study of the topic. One of its
more unusual and refreshing features is that it is a genuinely transatlantic
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