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Morgannwg

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Vol. 12 1968

Recent archaeological excavation and discovery in Glamorgan

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west corner. This building was at least 30 feet long and 10 feet
wide. It was probably continuously occupied from the mid-
second to the late third or fourth centuries A.D.
The extent of the Romano-British occupation at the
Bulwarks remains unknown, although it was clearly of a civil
nature, with the buildings built close behind the innermost
rampart on the western side of the fort in order to obtain the
maximum shelter from the prevailing westerly winds. We may
suspect that the main focus of the Iron Age occupation of the
site also lies behind the western defences. However, further
excavation is needed to elucidate matters such as these, and
particularly to answer the question as to whether we are dealing
with a continuity of occupation from the Iron Age into the Roman
period.
JEFFREY L. DAVIES
2. The Roman Villa at Whitton Excavations of 1968
Work in 1968 on the embanked settlement at Whitton
(ST 081713)1 involved the west end of the south range and the
whole of the west range, with the intervening south-west angle.
In 1969 it is proposed to complete the work on the north range,
and in 1970 the remainder of the courtyard will be examined.
Little further work was done on the defences, but the line of
the ditch was established on the south and west sides. Its
width was consistently 6 to 7 metres, as it was near the east gate,
emphasising the defensive character of the site in its pre-
Roman phases. There was no indication of an entrance in the
area investigated.
The stone buildings in the south range repeated the pattern
of those examined in 1967. A single large room (12.5 x 5.0 m.)
had another room (3.0 x 3.0 m.) added to its west end; this had
been cut into the solid limestone. Like the more easterly
structure found in 1967, it appears to be a hypocaust which was
never fired; but it is possible that from the first it was intended
1 Morgannwg IX (1965), 91-95; X (1966), 59-63; XI (1967) 78-81.
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