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Collections, historical & archaeological relating to Montgomeryshire

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Vol. 40 1923

Suggestion for the further study of Montgmeryshire

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Of palaeolithic man the county has yielded few
traces. Our chief hope in this direction would be to
search the limestone area about Llanymynech. Early
man sought out such areas for the natural caves, which
occur in them. As his remains have been found in the
Peak District, and in the Valley of Clwyd, it is not
impossible, that a similar cave may yet be found in this
area.
As the climate changed the forests spread across
into Britain, and the descendants of the old reindeer and
mammoth hunters appear to have adopted other food
habits. Their implements included large numbers of
microliths, or pigmy flakes of flint, some of which have
been found at Aberystwyth. Whether these Epipalaeoli-
thic peoples occupied Montgomeryshire, or whether they
were confined by the forests to the sea coast, we do not
know. As their tools occur in the Pennines, it is possible,
that search in our moorlands might also bring some to
light. At present the moorland tracts in the west of the
county are archaeologically an almost unexplored area,
in spite of the few mounds and cairns, that have been
recorded in them.
The Epipalaeolithic Period was brought to a close
by a revolution in the ways of life. Agriculture was
adopted, and, with it, more settled habits, associated with
which was a development of the arts of pottery-making,
weaving, house building and metallurgy. Though these
changes first took place outside of Europe they
gradually travelled across the continent by various
routes, and finally reached our island.
Montgomeryshire has a good many traces of the
Neolithic Period and Bronze Age in the shape of cairns,
tumuli, finds of isolated cr grouped implements, and
possibly of trackways. There is little doubt, that careful
search would yield many more. Our hills should be
searched for hut circles, and also for sites of stone implc-
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