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by M. Bevan-Evans, M.A.
Riots were frequent in Flintshire in the early nineteenth
century. There was no police force of modem type-in November
1839 the Magistrates resolved that it was not expedient to adopt
the new Constabulary Act and not till 1856 was a county police
force foimed. Time; were hard. Governments resisted stoutly
the principles of concession 11 upon occasions of combination
between workmen. Hours were long and wages small and riot was
easy. Time and time again the grimy ragged colliers or the gaunt
hungry leadminers turned out from the pits to fight the yeomanry
who in their splendid regency uniforms-scarlet faced with silver
or Oxford grey, with yellow and crimson girdles, black beaver chakos
with horse-hair plumes, save on special occasions when the officers
wore a 1 igh plume of falling black swan feathers An exception has occured

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