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THE MOLD RIOT 1831-A NOTE.
by M. Bevan-Evans, M.A.
Riots were frequent in Flintshire in the early nineteenth
century. There was no police force of modem type-in November
1839 the Magistrates resolved that it was not expedient to adopt
the new Constabulary Act and not till 1856 was a county police
force foimed. Time; were hard. Governments resisted stoutly
the principles of concession 11 upon occasions of combination
between workmen. Hours were long and wages small and riot was
easy. Time and time again the grimy ragged colliers or the gaunt
hungry leadminers turned out from the pits to fight the yeomanry
who in their splendid regency uniforms-scarlet faced with silver
or Oxford grey, with yellow and crimson girdles, black beaver chakos
with horse-hair plumes, save on special occasions when the officers
wore a 1 igh plume of falling black swan feathers — small gentlemen
and their servants and substantial tenants, who represented law and
order in the county. Sometimes the miners turned out with political
intent to support the candidature of some favourite country gentleman
who was seeking election to parliament. The riot of 1831 in Mold
is one of many, but it is interesting to meet the working man in
a time of such national unrest. There seems to be no account in
print of this affair and the story of the trial of the rioters is rich in
detail. What follows is taken from the Chester Chronicle for August
12, 1831.
FLINTSHIRE ASSIZES.
(MOLD SATURDAY LAST MR. BARON BOLLAND, SIR STEPHEN
RICHARD GLYNNE HIGH SHERIFF)
TURN-OUT COLLIERS
John Holley, Job Bowen and Thomas Wynne, colliers, were
charged with riotously assembling at Mold, in company with a
number of others, and assaulting Joseph Price, on the 6th of
July. The Grand Jury threw out the bill for the assault. The
Attorney General (with whom was Mr. J. H. Lloyd), in stating
the case, said the present case was of great importance to the
County of Flint; as in consequence of the general strike at the
time of the riot, the prosecutors, who are proprietors of the
Bromfield Colliery, near Mold, were obliged to get some men
from Anglesey. On the day named in the indictment, upwards of
two hundred men came from Flint and other places and compelled
the Anglesey men to leave their work, and drove them through
the town of Mold, Flint, and on to BagiUt.
Mr. Thomas Dodd -1 am one of the proprietors of Bromfield
Colliery. At four o'clock on the morning of the 6th July, I was
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