ARCHAEOLOGICAL NOTES AN ANCIENT TRACK ALONG THE CLWYDIAN HILLS There seems to have been a prehistoric track along the Clwydian hills from the Bronze Age settlement in North Flintshire to join the known track from the Conway axe-factory and another from the coast at Mochdre harbour near Harlech. This was used afterwards to connect the iron age forts on these hills. It can be traced in a southerly direction from Moel-y-parc near Afon Wen, where on the summit is a round barrow, up the slope of Penycloddiau and along its western ditch and down the other side to "Bwlch-y-Francs"l on the Nannerch-Llangwyfan road, and from the next pass where it is called locally "the Roman Road" the track is clear on the ground as a closely grazed strip about 4 ft. 6 ins. wide to Bwlch-Pen-Barras. It is not marked on the modem O.S. maps but on the old 6" it is shown as a footway. It coincides for nearly the whole way from Moel-y-parc to Moel Famau with the county boundary. It appears not to be of modern origin, as where wheeled vehicles have used it they diverge in steep places, but has probably been kept is use as a sheep drove road. Bronze Age finds at Maesmynan and Coed Cefn Golau on Moel Famau (the latter by Mr. Bevan-Evans) and numerous tumuli support the ancient origin of the track. There were three on Moel-y-parc and two on Moel Famau near Moel-y-gaer (of which no remains I think are visible) and a group of cairns together with Stone and Bronze Age implements between Moel Acre at the south end of the range and the river Dee at Rhewl. Along the track are four or more standing stones. These are (1) near Moel Arthur, a little to the east of the summit, which is marked on the 1* O.S. in archaic type as "standing stone". It is 5 ft. high and 36 ft. round at the base. It is not on the ridge-which at this point is too steep for foot passengers, except for the definite purpose of ascending the Moel-but is visible both from the slope of Penycloddiau on the North and from the shoulder of Moel Arthur, and gives an easy line of approach with a wide area of observation. (2) On a clearly defined track near the summit of Moel Llys-y-ooed.1 (3) Garreg Lwyd (grey stone) is marked on the 21" map between Moel Gyw and Moel Llanfair just on the existing track, but I have not found it. (4) Upright stone on clearly defined track on the ridge near Moel Llanfair close to the Llanarmon-Ruthin road at 1138 ft. It is 3 ft. 6" high and 30 ft. round at the base. (4) Upright stone on clearly defined track on the ridge near Moel Llanfair close to the Llanarmon-Ruthin road at 1138 ft. It is 3 ft 6 in. high and 30 ft. round at the base. (5) Flat stone close to the saddle of Moel-yr-Acre 2 ft. 6" high and 24 ft. round. I do not know any other such stones in this area except the flat stone near the circle in Penbedw Park and another smaller flat stone in the fields at Gelligynan which seems to suggest that those on the track were found near by and set up as markers. From Bwlch Pen Barras in a southerly direction Moel Fenlli is too steep to have formed a regular track until the fort was built. I suggest the original route was along the eastern shoulder where is a line of old hedge and bank continuing along the eastern slope of Moel Eithinin to Bwlch-y-pare near Clwyd Gate. From here a grass track shows in the heather up the slope of Moel Gyw and then as a well defined track HTPot Bwlch y ffrainc,' see supra, p. 45 Ed.) 31 have not been able to visit this site to take measurements owing to foot-and-mouth restric- tions.
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