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it received its uniform, and a distinctive tartan of the pattern known
as the 'Erracht Cameron', specially designed by Mrs. Anne Cameron.
Alan Cameron led the regiment through the severe campaign of
1794-1795 in Flanders where it acquitted itself well. In 1796 it served
in the West Indies and took part in the recapture of Martinique.
Casualties and disease reduced its strength drastically, and in 1797 the
battalion was broken up and 210 of the men drafted to The Black Watch.
Alan Cameron and his officers returned to the Highlands, and with
further help from his father-in-law raised a second 79th Regiment,
780 strong, in 1798. In the following year the 79th was in Holland
where it fought in Moore's brigade, performing particularly well on
the Helder where Cameron was wounded. In 1800 it was at Ferrol
and Cadiz, and in 1801 landed at Aboukir and took part in the battle
of Alexandria. In 1804 Cameron received permission to raise a second
battalion of the 79th, and within six months had recruited a regiment
of 800 men. Both units were placed under his command, and sub-
sequently did splendid service in the Peninsular War. Cameron covered
the retreat of Sir John Moore at whose special instance he had been
promoted to Brigadier-General.
The 79th fought at Talavera, Busaco, Fuentes d'Onoro, and through-
out the campaign in Spain, and later at Waterloo where it formed part
of Kempt's Brigade in the 5th Division commanded by Sir Thomas
Alan Cameron was promoted Major-General in July 1810, but soon
afterwards ill-health obliged him to return to England. He saw no
further active service. In January 1815 he was made K.C.B. on the
extension of the Order of the Bath, and in August 1819 was promoted
Lieutenant General. He died at Fulham on 9 March 1828.
Sir Alan's four sons all served in their father's regiment. Phillips
Cameron rose to be Lieutenant-Colonel and commanded the unit at
Fuentes d'Onoro in 1811, and died of wounds after the battle. Donald,
the second son served as a captain. Ewan, a lieutenant, died after
Talavera in 1809. The only son to survive was Nathaniel Cameron
who became Lieutenant-Colonel of the second battalion of the 79th,
which he commanded during the period 181 3-1 5. He died on 20 April
1860, aged 83. Nathaniel was also the only member of the family who
left descendants. He married at Marylebone in November 1812 a West
Wales wife, namely Letitia Pryce Cuny daughter of the Revd John
Powell Cuny, rector of St. Brides, Pembrokeshire. After retiring from
the army. he lived for some time at Dan-y-graig near Swansea. His
daughter, Mary Anne Cameron, married in April 1835 John Wyndham
Bruce (brother of the first Baron Aberdare), and their eldest son Alan
Cameron Bruce-Pryce (died 1908) of Blaen-y-cwm, Monknash,
Glamorgan, left a large family (see BLG).
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