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Welsh outlook


Vol. 3, No. 9 Sept. 1916

Spanish nationalist problems

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usually been presented to the Spanish public in a
rather mild form under the name of decentralisation,
with an occasional display of extreme bad temper,
recent developments, more or less inspired by the
war, tend to show that the leaders of Catalan na-
tionalism mean to discard their regionalist mask
and to stand for nationalism on the Irish Home Rule
lines. Senyor Cambo, the head of the nationalist
Conservatives, speaking last June in the Chamber of
Deputies, said The Catalan Assembly must be
responsible to the people, only to the people, and
the Catalan executive to the Assembly, only to the
Assembly And again: The sovereignty
which we ask for our Assembly is the minimum of
sovereignty of the German confederate state which
enjoys the least amount of sovereignty within the
German Federation
The opposition to Catalan nationalism is at bottom
grounded on the Castilian tendency to centralisation.
But there is no lack of arguments to express
this instinctive tendency in a precise form. Most
of them, however, apply rather to nationalist
excesses than to nat onalist ideas., As is the
case with all parties, Catalan nationalism has
its fanatics. There are Catalanists who are not
content with anything short of complete independence
Y not ar y ddaear a'r niwl trot y nen
Ar curlaw yn lleithio fy ngwedd
A hiraeth am goflaid f'anwylyd wen
Sy a'i serch yn felyster hedd,
Sibrydaf ei henw, fy Nan fach dlos,
I leddfu fy nhristwch yn niwl y not.
A awyn yr enw sy'n dwyn i'm bryd
Atgofion am ddyddiau braf
A dreuliwyd ymhell o helbulon byd
Ar weirgloddiau Gwlad yr Haf
A 'nghalon yn swyn y freuddwydiol hynt
Anghofia'r curlaw a'r not a'r gwynt.
or even French rule. Their wild utterances stand
in the way of a mutual understanding on moderate
lines. Further, Catalan local bodies have not proved
particularly well fitted for public administration,
and their management of provincial finance compares
rather unfavourably with the Basque local govern-
ment. Moreover, public opinion in the County is
far from being unanimous on the subject of Home
Rule, and the present revival of the movement seems
to be due rather to a temporary falling off in the
republican party, which in Catalonia is mostly
unionist, than to any real progress of nationalism
in the hearts of the people. But the main argument
against nationalism is a very strong one, especially
on account of the sentimental element. The Catalans
claim to be the most advanced people in Spain, and
therein establish their right to Home Rule. Spanish
people retort that if this be the case, the superior
element in the country should undertake the govern-
ment of the whole community; now, Catalan
politicians, with very few exceptions, have restricted
their efforts to the nationalist field. This is obvious
selfishness. And there is no sympathy for selfishness
in the Castilian country.
Salvador de Madariaga.
Er machlud yr haul a chuddio'r ser
Dan ormes y niwl a'r gwyll
Mi wn na ddiffoddir goleuni ter
Dan orchudd un caddug hyil
Er gwaethaf tiomiant a chwerw loes
Y mae i'm gobaith dragwyddol oes.
A ffy holl wertyll y niwl a'r nos
Rhag rhwysg y melyndes claer
A nydda Natur ar wndwn a rhos
Ei mantell o wyrdd ac aur;
A ninnau gawn eto fel cynt, fy merch,
Gwpanau llawnion gwinllannoedd serch.
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